How to Classify Garment Defects

Before starting a garment inspection, we have to know what is a defect and its level of relevance. This depends on the characteristics and location of the defects. So to do this, we need to have a Garment Defect Classification document. 

But, how do you determine what a defect is and its relevance? What criteria must the inspector follow?
The purchasing company defines the list of defects and their relevance. They can be specified in a document (“Garment Defect Classification”) or a Quality Manual.

 The “Garment Defects Classification” is a document that consists on:

  1. a defect list: a list with all the defects that are penalized and the degree of importance according to the area in which it is located
  2. illustrative photographs of the type of defect
  3. graphics to identify the different areas and their relevance

1. DEFECTS LIST

The defects list contains all the defects that may occur during garments production. Also, each defect is assigned its level of importance depending on the position in which it is located.

The relevance of a defect depends on how visible it is on the garment.
The level of importance is established in three categories: CRITICAL, MAJOR or MINOR.
Usually, the defects list is organized according to its type, correspondingly to:

  • Fabric
  • General appearance of the garment
  • Confection
  • Finishing, iron
  • Labeling
  • Packaging

For instance, this could be a sample of a fabric defect list:

Fabric defects
Sewing defects

2. PICTURES

To help to define the type of defect, the list is usually together with a picture of it.

Fabric defects

Sewing defects

3. GRAPHICS OF VISIBILE AREAS

In addition, this list must include a graphic explaining the affected areas.

These areas are divided into three categories: visible, less visible, and not visible. Depending on the type of defect and the location, it will be estimated important or not. Or it can even be considered as non-defective.

Areas of Visibility: General

Areas of Visibility: Type of Garment

The Garment Defects Classification is also a supporting document for inspection reports. It is the guide that the inspector uses to determine the defects, to quantify them. And, together with the AQL, it helps to determine if the inspection is approved or not.

Olga Fuenmayor

Olga Fuenmayor

Editor at Seampedia.
Fashion Technical Management / Consulting
Model development / Quality control / Production control.

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